9:30 AM - 11:00 AM (CDT) SESSIONS

Violence in the West: Past, Present, and Future


Chair: Patricia N. Limerick, University of Colorado Boulder

Kathleen Belew, University of Chicago

Apocalypse/Future: Rocky Flats, Rocky Mountain Arsenal, and the 1990s

Nick Estes (Lower Brule Sioux Tribe), University of New Mexico

“No More Broken Treaties”: An International Political Imaginary of Native Protest from the Red Power Movement to the Present

Jennifer L. Holland, University of Oklahoma

"Violence Outside the Womb": Anti-Abortion Violence in the American West

Jessica Ordaz, University of Colorado Boulder

The Shadow of Migrant Detention in the Greater Southwest

Alyssa Smith, University of Chicago

Random Violence, Close at Hand: Media Culture, Murdered Women, and Fighting Back in Suburban Los Angeles

Comment: Audience

“Strange” Encounters:Tourism in the American West


Chair: Bill Philpott, University of Denver

Susan Sessions Rugh, Brigham Young University

Asian Indian Motel Owners in the Modern West

Kara McCormack, Bilkent University

Alien Encounters: Memory, Race, and UFO Tourism in Roswell, New Mexico

Coyote Shook, University of Texas at Austin

Donner Party/ Dinner Party: Foodways and Occult Tourism in the American Southwest

Comment: Alex Hernandez, National Park Service National Heritage Areas Program

Beyond the Boundaries: Playing with Community and Colonialism in the 20th-Century West


Chair: Tom I. Romero II, University of Denver

Beth Eby, University of Texas at Austin

Sporting Mobilities: The Travels of the Haskell Institute Women’s Basketball Team, 1900-1920

Ben Chappell, University of Kansas

Fastpitch in the Railway World: Answering the Mexican Question on the Playing Field

John Mckiernan-González, Texas State University

“Galan demolishes Kelly Air Force base”: Adult Play, Soccer, and the Geography of Desegregation in Central Texas, 1910-1990

Comment: Audience

Individual Lives and National Movements: A Roundtable on Women's Activism in the American West


Chair: Renée M. Laegreid, University of Wyoming

Heather Clemmer, Southern Nazarene University

Farina King (Diné), Northeastern State University

Sarah Eppler Janda, Cameron University

Chelsea Ball, University of Oklahoma

Patricia Loughlin, University of Central Oklahoma

Comment: Audience

Teaching History Through Play


Chair: Jeffrey Ostler, University of Oregon

Abigail Margaret Markwyn, Carroll University

“I’ve never seen a class have so much fun learning history”: Engaging General Education Students Through Reacting to the Past

Cynthia Prescott, University of North Dakota

Teaching Historical Empathy Through Play

Jeremy Vetter, University of Arizona

Reacting to the West

Rob Harper, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point

Microhistory in Reacting to the Past Rolesheets

Comment: Audience

Housing, Belonging, and Displacement in the 20th-Century West


Chair: B. Erin Cole, Minnesota Historical Society

Jason A. Heppler, University of Nebraska at Omaha

The Calm of the Country: Place, Nature, and Silicon Valley’s Suburban Exclusion in the 1950s

Ryan Driskell Tate, Rutgers University

“Aluminum Conestogas”: Trailer Parks and Energy Boomtowns in the 1970s

Sandra I. Enríquez, University of Missouri-Kansas City

“We Need Housing, Not Demolition”: Squatter Demonstrations and the Fight for Tenants’ Rights in South El Paso, Texas

Allyson P. Brantley, University of La Verne

Tent Cities Across the West: Homeless Mobilization & Coalition-Building in the 1980s

Azusa Ono, Osaka University of Economics

“No Home in Our Homeland”: Native American Homelessness in Denver since the 1980s

Comment: Audience

Transnational Latin American Politics in the 20th-Century United States West


Chair: Jessica M. Kim, California State University, Northridge

Nathan Ellstrand, Loyola University Chicago

Mexican Fifth Columnists in the U.S.? The Unión Nacional Sinarquista in World War II Era Los Angeles

Nahomi Linda Esquivel, University of Chicago

“The INS Has Decided Not To Apply The Fiction:” An Examination of the INS’s Administrative Discretion and the Entrenchment of Deportation Infrastructures

Luis Herrán Ávila, University of New Mexico

“Por Dios y por la Patria, Arriba Cuba”: Paramilitarism, Cuban Exile Activism, and the Transnational Revolution of the Latin American Right in the United States

Andrea Oñate-Madrazo, California Polytechnic State University

Transnational Activists as U.S. Foreign Policy Makers in the Salvadoran Cold War, 1981-1992

Comment: Alexander Aviña, Arizona State University

New Research on Indigenous Boarding and Residential Schools in the U.S. and Canada


Chair: Margaret Jacobs, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Preston McBride (Comanche descent (unenrolled)), Dartmouth College

“Let all that is Indian within you die!”: Infectious Disease and Deaths in American Indian Boarding Schools, 1879-1934

Amanda K. Wixon (Chickasaw), Sherman Indian Museum/University of California, Riverside

Programs of Punishment: Carceral Aspects of Sherman Institute

Andrew Woolford, University of Manitoba

Assimilating Nature: Symbiotic Destruction through Canadian Residential Schools and the Fate of Lake Winnipeg

Tricia Logan (Métis), Residential School History and Dialogue Centre, University of British Columbia

Memory and Settler Colonialism in Canada: Access, Privacy and Creating a “Record” of Genocide

Comment: Audience

Latinas and Power: Latina Identity Formation in Sociopolitical Middle Grounds


Chair: Cynthia E. Orozco, Eastern New Mexico University-Ruidoso

Gabriela González, University of Texas at San Antonio

Jovita Idar: A Complex Life of Service to La Raza

Sarah McNamara, Texas A&M University

Neglectful Mothers and Foreign Tramps: Latina Sexualities and the U.S. Welfare State

Danielle R. Olden, University of Utah

Mexican American Women and Conservatism in the Postwar U.S. West: A Preliminary Examination and a Research Agenda

Veronica Nohemi Duran, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Mujeres lideres y de “buena mano”: Aida Barrera, Carrascolendas and Intersectionality, 1970-1976

Comment: Sonia Hernández, Texas A&M University

New Research on Women's Participation in Western Politics, 1900-2000


Chair: Cathleen D. Cahill, Pennsylvania State University

Tiffany Jasmin González, Tulane University

Expanding Democracy and Representation: Latinas, Women’s Rights, and Citizenship in the 20th Century

Judy Tzu-Chun Wu, University of California, Irvine

Patsy Takemoto Mink and Pacific Feminisms

John M. Findlay, University of Washington

“Feminist Capital of the Nation”? Women Officeholders in the Post-War American West

Comment: Kim Cary Warren, University of Kansas

African American Migration in the Southwest Borderlands


Chair: Sarah Cornell, University of Massachusetts Amherst

María Esther Hammack, University of Texas at Austin

Between Slavery and Freedom: Black Women Freedom Fighters in the Texas Borderlands

Edward Valentin Jr., Rice University

“He Was Very Much in Love with a Mexican Girl”: Black Veterans and Women of Mexican Descent

Daniel Aaron Grant, University of Wisconsin-Madison

“Nobody’s Island”: African American Squatters, Yuma Indians, and Boundaries of Settler Colonialism in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands

Comment: Julian Lim, Arizona State University

Indigeneity and the Digital American West: Rereading Native People in Video Games


Chair: Gianna M. May Sanchez, University of Michigan

Marcus Macktima (San Carlos Apache Tribe), University of Oklahoma

Virtual Indigeneity: The Development of Indigenous Representation in Video Games

James Patrick Gregory, University of Oklahoma

“This Land is My Land”: Teaching Indigenous Perspectives with Video Games

Robert Voss, Northwest Missouri State University

Ideology and Ethnocentrism: Teaching with Red Dead Redemption II

Comment: Audience

What’s My Job? A Public History Gameshow

Sponsored by the WHA Public History Committee


Co-Chairs: Rebecca S. Wingo, University of Cincinnati

          Jeremy M. Johnston, Buffalo Bill Center of the West

Nicolai Kryloff, Historical Research Associates, Inc. Jennifer Bryant, National Park Service

Jeff Pappas, New Mexico State Historic Preservation Office

Robert Martinez, New Mexico State Records Center and Archives

Tara Elisabeth Travis, Mesa Verde National Park and Yucca House National Monument

Zebulon Miracle, Gateway Auto Museum

Comment: Douglas Seefeldt, Clemson University

Animal Mobility and Environments


Chair: Alison Laurence, Stanford University

William V. Scott, Texas Tech University

A Miner’s Diet of Beef: Texas-California Cattle Drives

Glenn Iceton, Independent Scholar

Beavers and Borders: Wildlife Conservation Across the Yukon-British Columbian Border

Iker Saitua, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)

“Winged Gunners:” Sheep Industry, Aerial Coyote Hunting, and Predator Control in Montana, 1930-1940

James W. Martin, Montana State University

Histories of Fish Mobility on the Upper Columbia: Food Culture, Publicity, and Calamity

Comment: Sarah M. Gregg, University of Kansas

Diversifying Environmental Histories of the U.S.–Mexico Borderlands - Justicia,Memoria, y Tierra: Ethnic Mexican Strugglesfor Clean Air, Water, and Food


Chair: Erika M. Bsumek, University of Texas at Austin

Jeffrey P. Shepherd, University of Texas at El Paso

Recovering Marginalized Histories of Race and the Environment in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands: An Introduction

Micaela Valadez, University of Texas at Austin

Drowning in Alamo City: Combating Environmental Racism in San Antonio, 1950 to the Present

Marc A. Molina, University of Texas at El Paso

Amistad y memoria: Deconstructing the Amistad Reservoir and Tamaulipan Mezquital Borderlands

Comment: Tim Bowman, West Texas A&M University

Picturing the American West: Peter H. Hassrick Visual Culture Panel


Carol Clark

William McCall Vickery 1957 Professor of the History of Art and American Studies, Emerita, Amherst College

Carolin Görgen

PhD, Terra Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in American Art

Christine Garnier

PhD Candidate, Harvard University

Emily Burns

Associate Professor of Art History, Auburn University

Emily Voelker

Assistant Professor of Art History, UNC Greensboro

Mindy Besaw

Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art

Ramey Elizabeth Mize

PhD Candidate, University of Pennsylvania

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM (CDT) SESSIONS

Foodways in the American West


Chair: Lori Flores, Stony Brook University

Braden Neihart, San Diego State University Research Foundation

Brewing Social Spaces: Beer and Business in Leadville, 1879-1905

Divana Olivas, University of Southern California

Colonial Governance through Food: New Mexico’s Agricultural Experiment Station, 1889-1943

Cindy Ott, University of Delaware

"Grandma Hates Fences”: Alma Hogan Snell and The Culinary Legacy of Crow Indian Women in the 20th Century

Comment: Peter A. Kopp, University of Colorado Denver

Presidential Panel: History of Native Rock N' Roll


Co-Chairs: Philip J. Deloria (Dakota descent), Harvard University

   Jean O'Brien (White Earth Ojibwe),University of Minnesota

Kent Blansett (Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Shawnee, and Potawatomi descendant), University of Kansas

Expressions of Red Power: A History of Native Rock N' Roll

Douglas Miller, Oklahoma State University

Washita Love Child: The Life and Times of Jesse Ed Davis

Viki Eagle (Sicangu Lakota), University of California, Los Angeles

Miye Tom (Walker River Paiute), University of Michigan National Institute for Institutional Diversity

Roots of Resistance and Contemporary Voices: Manifestations of Heavy Metal and Hip Hop among Native Youth

John Little (Standing Rock Sioux), Indian University of North America

Sonic Sovereignty: Creating an Indigenous Powwow Archive

Comment: Audience

Applying History to Public Land and Water Management in the West


Chair: Leighton M. Quarles, USDA Forest Service

Joan M. Zenzen, Independent Public Historian

National Park Administrative Histories

Rachel D. Kline, USDA Forest Service

History as a Management Tool in the Forest Service

Jerry Frank, University of Missouri

Public Land and Waters: Making Place, Power Dynamics and the Questions Driving History and Management

Mark L. Howe, International Boundary and Water Commission, U.S. State Department

Forest Lands and Border Waters: Applying History in the Forest Service and the International Boundary Waters Commission

Matthew Fockler, Augustana College

Two Mississippi: Applying History to Guide Social-Ecological Systems Management on the Mississippi River

Comment: Michael W. Childers, Colorado State University

Preserving Many Pasts: A Century of Documenting California, the Pacific Rim, and the North American West at The Huntington Library


Chair: Theresa Salazar, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Clay Stalls, The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens

Creating the Californiana Collections at The Huntington Library: Henry Edwards Huntington, His Librarians, and Their Early History of Collecting

Peter J. Blodgett, The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens

Capturing the West: The Huntington Library, the Rockefeller Foundation and Regional History in the American Century

Li Wei Yang, The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens

Collecting Asian American History at the Huntington Library

Comment: William Deverell, University of Southern California

Lessons from the Calgary Stampede

Sponsored by the WHA Committee on Teaching and Public Education


Chair: Patricia Loughlin, University of Central Oklahoma

Larissa V. Nez (Diné), Brown University and University of Washington

Beth Marie Vander Hoek, University of Notre Dame

Comment: Shannon Murray, Calgary Stampede

New Mexico as a Locus of Migration


Chair: Kelly Lytle Hernández, University of California, Los Angeles

Mireya Loza, New York University Steinhardt

Erika Pérez, University of Arizona

Mary E. Mendoza, Pennsylvania State University

Alex Hernandez, National Park Service, National Heritage Areas Program

Comment: Audience

Whiteness and White Homelands


Chair: Beth Bailey, University of Kansas

Jonna Perrillo, University of Texas at El Paso

A Very Odd Set of Circumstances: The Celebration of Nazi Scientists in Postwar El Paso

Jeff Roche, The College of Wooster

Whiteman’s Country: Texas, the Farmers’ Alliance, and the Creation of a Southern White Homeland

Alicia E. Rodríquez, California State University, Bakersfield

Jesse Dorsey and Stanley Abel: Representatives of Reform and Conflict in Kern County, California

Comment: Jason Pierce, Angelo State University

The Global and the Local: Chinese Communities in the American West


Chair: Liping Zhu, Eastern Washington University

Stephanie Narrow, University of California, Irvine

Systems of Subordination: Chinese Labor, Law, and Popular Culture in California and the British Empire, 1855-1860

Mark Johnson, University of Notre Dame

“They shall be diminished to extinction:” Responses of Montana’s Chinese Communities to Local and Federal Discrimination

Sarita Belen Garcia, University of Texas at El Paso

Cultural Pathways: Understanding Multicultural El Paso-Juarez in The Chinese Exclusion Era and Beyond, 1880-1960

Comment: Judy Tzu-Chun Wu, University of California, Irvine

Latinx Labor and Agriculture


Chair: Alina Ramirez Méndez, University of Washington

Dustin Cohan, University of Wisconsin Madison

Remaking America's Dairyland: Mexican Workers, American Farmers, and the Tenuous Alliance of Modern Dairy, 1966- 2018

Taylor B. Cozzens, University of Oklahoma

Governor Ronald Reagan v. CRLA: Politics, Power, and the Poor

Comment: Audience

Western Meeting Grounds in the Classroom


Chair: Brian S Collier, University of Notre Dame

Marsha Weisiger, University of Oregon


Marcus Macktima (San Carlos Apache Tribe), University of Oklahoma

Apache Survivance in Western History: Teaching Apache History at the San Carlos Apache College

Monica Rico, Lawrence University

Teaching Badger Clark’s “The Lost Pardner”

Kathleen Brosnan, University of Oklahoma

Cartographic Silences

Michael J. Lansing, Augsburg University

Empires, Borderlands, and Student Demographics

Comment: Audience

Multiracial Migrations, Citizenship, and Governance in the Late 19th and Early 20th-Century U.S. West


Chair: Julian Lim, Arizona State University

Janna Elizabeth Haider, University of California, Santa Barbara

“Illegally Obtained” Citizenship: Legal Constructs of Race and Denaturalization following United States vs Bhagat Singh Thind

Sandra Siomara Sánchez, Yale University

Citizenship as (Un)Belonging: Alien Nationhood in the 1924 Immigration Act and the Indian Citizenship Act

Monique Flores Ulysses, Yale University

Citizenship, Immigration, and Racial Categories of Governance in the Case of Frank Tiem and Jesus Francisco Vargas

Comment: Danielle Battisti, University of Nebraska at Omaha

“Western” Sports, Gender, and Identity


Chair: Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert (Hopi), University of Arizona

Mariel Aquino, University of California, Santa Barbara

A Kind of Pyreneean Olympics: Constructing Basque-American Masculinity through Traditional Sport

Elyssa Ford, Northwest Missouri State University

No "Limp Wrists" Here: Masculinity & Femininity in the Gay Rodeo

Renée M. Laegreid, University of Wyoming

A "League" of their own: Bringing the Women’s Professional Rodeo Association to Italy

Comment: Joel Stephen Franks, San Jose State University and De Anza College

Native Peoples and National Parks: Challenging Dispossession, Contesting Memory, Building Common Ground


Chair: Brooke Neely, University of Colorado Boulder

Christina Gish Hill, Iowa State University

Matthew J. Hill, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Rani-Henrik Andersson, University of Helsinki

Richard William Stoffle, University of Arizona

Mark David Spence, HistoryCraft, Oregon State University

Jackie Gonzales, Historical Research Associates, Inc.

Comment: Ari Kelman, University of California, Davis

         Jared Orsi, Colorado State University

Economic Exclusion, Disenfranchisement Deliberations, and Environmental Exodus:

A Reexamination of Unheralded Incidents of Migration in the American West, 1849-1941


Chair: Molly P. Rozum, University of South Dakota

Bryan Carter, City University of Seattle

The Curious Case of Jacob Vanderpool

Rachel Michelle Gunter, Collin College

Suffragists & the Fight for Texas Servicemen’s Voting Rights

Drew D. Folk, Oklahoma State University

To Lien In or Leave: The Challenges Wrought by Environment, Foreclosure, and Migration on Nebraska Sandhillers During the Great Depression

Comment: Thomas Deane Tucker, Chadron State College

In Whose Interest?: Indigenous Trading, Treaty-Making, and Monetary Policy


Chair: Caitlin Keliiaa (Yerington Paiute and Washoe), University of California, Santa Cruz

Collin Michael Rohrbaugh, Texas A&M University

"They Asked for Traders Amongst Them": Bison Robes and Cultural Change on the South Plains 1821-1853

Kelly Bokosky Silva, University of California, San Diego

Disease, Native Labor, and Treaty Making in the Pacific Northwest, 1854-1855

Misty Kay Peñuelas, University of Oklahoma

The Role and Significance of the Cherokee Strip Live Stock Association in the Evolution of the 19th-Century Cherokee Fiscal-Monetary State

Comment: Amy Kohout, Colorado College

Meeting Grounds of Rural Western Sport, Culture, and Memory


Chair: Nathan Jones, National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum

Frank Whitehead, University of Arizona

“The Hazards are too Great and the Women too Temperamental”: Fighting the Gendered Arena Walls of Rodeo

Susan Nance, University of Guelph

Babies of Rodeo: The Rise and Fall of Calf Roping in a Canadian Suburb

Rebecca Scofield, University of Idaho

Cowhide Charity: Winning an Education at the Houston Junior Market Steer Auction

Comment: Joshua Specht, Monash University

Native Healthcare and Settler Governments in the Long 20th Century


Chair: Jean Keller, San Diego Mesa College

Rebecca S. Wingo, University of Cincinnati

Healthy Housing: Adult Education and Health Reform on the Crow Reservation

Juliet Larkin-Gilmore, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Native Healthcare Networks on the Lower Colorado River

Clifford E. Trafzer, University of California, Riverside

Fighting the Scourge: Southern California Indians, Nurses, and the TB Truck

Juliet McMullin, University of California, Riverside

Chihuum Piiuywmk Inach: A Gathering of Good Minds and Community-Based Curriculum to Address Historical Trauma

Comment: Audience

2:00 PM - 3:30 PM (CDT)

Western Women's Political Activism, Past and Present: A Conversation on the 100th Anniversary of Women's Suffrage

Sponsored by the Coalition for Western Women’s History (CWWH)


Chair: Elise Boxer (Dakota), University of South Dakota

Debra Haaland (Laguna Pueblo), U.S. House of Representatives (NM-1)

Cathleen D. Cahill, Penn State University

Jennifer Denetdale (Diné), University of New Mexico

Molly P. Rozum, University of South Dakota

Oriana Sandoval, Center for Civic Policy

Melanie Yazzie (Navajo), University of New Mexico

Lorena Chambers, Chambers Lopez Strategies

Comment: Tiffany Jasmin González, Tulane University

3:30 PM - 5:00 PM (CDT)

WHA Spark Session: Saying “No”

Sponsored by the WHA Committee on Assault Response and Educational Resources (WHA-CARES)


The WHA continues its annual “Spark Session” in 2020. This is a session featuring a contemporary issue that sparks immediate discussion. In the 2020 Spark Session, panelists will respond to a Q&A on topics relating to “saying no” in their various careers. How do you say “no,” establishing boundaries at work while keeping your career moving forward? What are your criteria for saying "yes,” especially when saying “yes” means that you will have to work overtime?

Co-Chairs: Rebecca S. Wingo, University of Cincinnati

          S.Deborah Kang, University of Texas at Dallas

Cassie Clark, University of Utah

Jenni Tifft-Ochoa, University of California, Davis

Katrina Phillips (Red Cliff Ojibwe), Macalester College

Tara Elisabeth Travis, Mesa Verde National Park

Virginia Scharff, University of New Mexico

Comment: Audience

The WHA is located in the Department of History at the University of Kansas.

The WHA is grateful to KU's History Department and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences for their generous support!

Western History Association

University of Kansas 

1445 Jayhawk Blvd.

3650 Wescoe Hall

Lawrence, KS 66045